Writing a dissertation is something that will make you think twice that is it really important to do it. And unfortunately it is. Spending your time in writing your dissertation instead of partying around doesn't seems a good idea but well we have to do it, like it or not. At most we can do is to make it a little more comfortable by understanding the basics of dissertation writing or get some help with dissertation.

A good dissertations advice is like a first step in your project's success or failure. Getting help with writing dissertation is not an easy task but if you chose your dissertation adviser carefully than this process will become a little ease of mind. A dissertation usually consists of twelve parts at max. These are the parts of your dissertation in which you may divide your whole dissertation project. Following are those twelve parts of a dissertation help.
1. Title
2. Acknowledgments
3. Abstract
The length of the Abstract should be no more than 300-500 words, but not included in the formal word count.
4. Contents
5. Chapter 1: Introduction
The length of the Introduction should be about 10% of the whole dissertation.
6. Chapter 2: Literature search
7. Chapter 3: Methodology
The Research Methodology chapters in length should be about 20% of whole dissertation.
8. Chapter 5: Analysis or discussion
The length of this section should be about 30% of the whole dissertation.
9. Chapter 4: Results
10.Chapter 6: Conclusions
This chapter in lengths should be about 15% of the whole dissertation
11. References Or Bibliography
12. Appendix

Formatting and editing Of Dissertation

- Begin each section on a new page
- Avoid having single, stray lines of text at the top or bottom of pages if they form part of a paragraph
- Use double spacing
- Write on one side of the page only
- Quotations and notes can be written in single line spacing
- Use standard default for margins; don't try to cram too much on a page
- Number tables, charts, and figures and add suitable captions
- Short quotations should be set apart in their own indented paragraphs
- Use lower case, normal font for your text (including quotations) saving italics and bold for headings and special words
- Justified text looks neater
- Material that is not part of the main argument (eg database sheets, computer printouts, questionnaires) should be included as an appendix
- Numbers from one to nine are conventionally written as words, with those greater than 10 written as numbers
- Generally, do not use abbreviations (unless defined earlier in the text)

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The dissertation proposal is prepared as part of the comprehensive examination, and submitted at the time of the second sit-down exam. It is prepared according to the Dissertation Proposal Format included in this document. If the student passes the exam, a copy of the proposal is forwarded to the graduate director for approval. If revisions are needed, the committee will give a date for handing in a revised version of the proposal (no later than three months after the oral) for final approval. The dissertation proposal writing must be genuinely comparative (i.e., it must compare works, authors, genres), and must examine works written in more than one language.

(The dissertation itself is written in English.) Its subject normally grows out of related but less ambitious projects undertaken in courses. For the possibility of basing a dissertations on a translation project.
The dissertation committee meets with the candidate once per year to assess progress. The faculty member who chairs the dissertation committee should decide upon a plan to keep the other members of that committee apprised of the progress of the work. For example, the work may be circulated to the whole committee chapter by chapter, or the chairperson may convene the committee for additional discussions with the student. It is important for the student to keep all committee members informed according to whatever plan has been worked out.

Ph.D. Dissertation Proposal:

The dissertation proposal is prepared by the student in consultation with the entire dissertation committee. All dissertation help committee members must accept the proposal. The dissertation proposal must provide a thorough survey of the research activities in the research topic area and it must present original and innovative research ideas and preliminary results as well as defined research scope and directions. The dissertation proposal should be prepared in accordance with the following format:

Ph.D. Dissertation Proposal Format:

1. ) Cover Page - title; student nave, date, signature of graduate student; names, signatures of student's dissertation committee, dates signed.
2. ) Background Summary - including review of prior research
3. ) Problem Statement - Including importance of topic and expected contributions to the field.
4. ) Preliminary Results
5. ) Proposed Scope and Directions - Including approach or research methodology.
6. ) Bibliography - Full citations of cited literature
7. ) Proposed Outline of Dissertation, Schedule for Completion and Milestones - Displays a plan for completion of dissertation.

Suggested Dissertation Proposal format:

1.) Overview (1 page, double-spaced)
a) overall objective
b) specific aims/hypotheses
2.) Background (2-3 pages)
3.) Research Plan & Methodology (4-5 pages)
a) approach
b) design
c) methods and techniques
d) possible results
e) limitations and pitfalls
4.) Timeline
5.) Literature Cited

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Dissertation writing is not an easy task and it is extremely challenging for almost all students. Dissertation writing is the most important part of your degree. It requires dedication, perseverance, ability to do in-depth research and determination. Writing a dissertation is challenging but not impossible and you should try to facilitate your dissertation writing process by following these valuable tips:
1. The most important thing you need to do, when it comes to buy dissertation writing, is not to procrastinate at all. Set up a plan that how you are going to be writing your dissertation and make sure you stick to it.

2. Idea development is something that can procrastinate your dissertation writing process dramatically. This is the part where students struggle a lot. What you need to do now is to write down the topics that you find interesting. When you are in class or listening to a lecture or reading an article, etc, just write down what you find interesting. Then you can discuss your ideas with your advisor and fellow students to decide the theme for your dissertation. However, you must prepare yourself to struggle; it’s not an easy task at all.

3. Don’t choose a topic that doesn’t fascinate you. If you choose a topic that doesn’t fascinate you and you find it difficult then you will never be able to finish writing your dissertation editing on time. You will also end up procrastinating. Writing about something that you find interesting will keep you motivated and focused. Therefore, choose a topic that you find interesting.

4. If you need to find out about any particular experience or problem faced by general public and its impact on their lives, then do not limit yourself to your friends and family. Talk to people you don’t even know and ask them if they faced this problem and what their experiences were.

5. Ask your friends and fellow students about what you can add to your dissertation. Discussing your topic with them and getting their valuable tips will enable you to add quality content to your dissertation.

6. Make sure you stay in touch with your advisor and talk to him whenever you get stuck or feel confused. If you can only stay in touch with your advisor, you will notice that the motivation you get from him encourages you to stay on track and write your dissertation successfully.

Consider dissertation writing to be something extremely fascinating. I understand that it will be difficult for you to think about your dissertation like this but it will at least keep you calm mentally. Thinking about dissertation writing as something almost impossible to accomplish, won’t do any good. First, tell yourself that you can write your dissertation, then follow the tips mentioned in this article, do thorough research and get your degree.

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It is mandatory for students to write an MBA dissertation in order to complete their MBA program and earn their degrees. Your MBA dissertation shows that you have understood the material covered in your particular courses. It basically serves as a proof that you have learned and understood the matter well.

There are various forms of MBA dissertations and you can choose any form that you like or a combination of research-based document, a case study, a business report or a business plan. So, you can do your research into an industry wide issue, your business plan should contain a strategic analysis, a case study that explains a particular event, a business report that looks at a particular issue and provide solutions.

You should conduct both quantitative and qualitative research for your dissertation. It should provide facts and ascertain validity along with examining the significance of events and conditions.
Check your university guidelines for your dissertation/thesis length. Let’s suppose the length of your dissertation is 25,000 words. how to write a literature review You need to make sure that these 25,000 words don’t include title, appendices, references, etc. Therefore, do discuss this with your advisor.

Make sure you stay in touch with your dissertation advisor. He should provide you with valuable information and examine your work. He won’t be correcting your spelling mistakes but will let you know if you have made them. He also won’t be organizing your dissertation research proposal but provide you with valuable suggestions. It is your responsibility to make appointments with him and submit your work before your appointment in order to receive constructive criticism.

Follow the guidelines here when you are ready to write your MBA dissertation. You can now decide what steps you need to take in order to complete your MBA dissertation and finally earn your degree.

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Writing an MSc dissertation is mandatory in order to obtain your degree. Writing an MSc dissertation is not an easy task. After all it leads you to your postgraduate degree and transfers you from a student to a scholar. In order to complete your dissertation on time successfully, you need to have a definite plan and you must stick to it. I am going to mention a few important points that all students should know when they start writing their dissertations help in order to facilitate their writing process.

Idea Development:

Idea development is the part where students struggle a lot and you should get ready to struggle as well. It doesn’t matter whether you are writing your MSc dissertation in Human Resource Management, Computer Science, Computer Network Management, etc, you will most certainly struggle. If you don’t then you are lucky indeed.

When I say you will struggle, I don’t mean to scare you. Rather, I want to prepare you. So, what should you do then? You must be ready to do in-depth research. Talk to your advisor, professors in your department, your classmates, friends who have completed their dissertations, take notes when you listen to lectures or read articles, go through the previously written dissertations in your University library, visit online libraries, online dissertation archives, local libraries and gather as much information as you can. Remember, the more – the better.

MSc Dissertation written in the first person:

You must confirm about writing your MSc dissertation in the first person. It should be in the third person but you must check your university guidelines and confirm with your advisor. If they tell you to avoid saying "I", then you must avoid it.

Length of Your MSc Dissertation:

I must say that do not speculate when it comes to the length of your MSc dissertation because it varies from one university to another. You might have to write 12000 words and you would be shaking thinking that you will have to write 15000 or 20000 words. Check your university guidelines and talk to your advisor about it. Do not start trembling if you have to write 15000 words because the format of dissertation is designed in such a way that you end up writing the desired number of words. Of course, you will need to do thorough research, but once you have done thorough research you will be able to complete your dissertation easily.

Online MSc Dissertation Archives:

As mentioned earlier that you should also go through online dissertation archives when you do your research, here is a link where you will find some online MSc dissertations. Go through online MSc dissertation archives to find sources for your own dissertation only. You can search for more online masters dissertation archives and online libraries to acquire valuable information.

The steps mentioned in this article are vital to your success. Now you have a plan that what steps you need to take in order to successfully write your MSc dissertation. Remember, in-depth research is the most important part of your research and now you know where you can find valuable material for your dissertation. When it comes to writing your MSc dissertation, do not speculate or guess. Always check the university guidelines and talk to your advisor. When you have a plan and you are organized, you can complete your dissertation on time successfully.

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Writing a dissertation is a culminating event that will test a doctoral student’s skill in researching, writing, exploring professional literature, designing and analyzing. Alumni are the second source of dissertation help.

Online dissertation help is available to you all in different forms, depending on what you are in search of. That is why, if you need counseling on write a good dissertation, you have come to the right place. In this article you will learn how to right a first class dissertation.Being so, a dissertation is a monumental project that cannot be done without the support of other people. There are two good sources of dissertation help.

Accountability partners come as the first source. Forming a small group of classmates (around three) whom one can meet once or twice a week is an ideal way to monitor the progress of one’s dissertation. The feedback of other people helps one detect flaws or inconsistencies he failed to notice. There is simply no better source of dissertation help than those one can trust. Accountability partners are still dependable even during vacations. Once a week during summer vacation, group members can keep each other up-to-date with individual work, address areas of difficulty and develop new objectives for the next meeting.
Alumni are the second source of dissertation help. Those who have successfully completed the dissertation process have useful tips and advise for those who are just beginning their project. One can grab a hold of an alumnus contact number by going to the University administration or by checking yearbooks. Depending on the alumnus’ schedule, he may set an hour or two answering a doctoral student’s questions about the best research technique and ideal writing process. With an extra time, he may even discuss areas of concern the student failed to mention. In return, a student must not forget to express his gratitude to the alumnus; if possible, he can even give a small gift.

There are many dissertation writing services which commit to provide high quality custom dissertation but to find an authentic service provider you have to acknowledge these things which also prevent you from making an impetuous decision and will allow you to choose a service that will be propitious for your particular dissertation.

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Finding a dissertation topic is so important, and so difficult. Some graduate students are given their what is a dissertation topic by their advisor, or are confined by the data set that is available. Others are left to their own devices and struggle for months. If you're in the second group, here is some help!

In one of the self assessments on my web site called "Do You Deserve a Ph.D?" there is a question: "What is one aspect of this subject that you would most welcome some advice, information or help on?" By far the most common answer is, "I need help choosing my dissertation topic."

Your choice of dissertation topic will indeed play a big role in your academic career, so you are wise to put a lot of thought into it.
Here are some tips to jumpstart this all-important decision:

1. Read as much as you can! As you read, don’t just underline. Make notes about how each article does or doesn’t fit in with your fledgling ideas, how you might use it later, and any other deep thoughts you might have. You won’t remember later why you put a big star near the title.

2. Start early. If you can use the papers that you are required to write during the courses of your early graduate years as jumping off points, you’ve saved yoursef a lot ot time. Be thinking about the potential topic from the day you start graduate school.

3. Talk to others. Don’t insulate yourself. Run your ideas by your peers and your advisor. If your advisor doesn’t like to engage in such scholarly dialogue with beginners (which should be his/her role, but you may not be lucky enough to have such an advisor), then find a mentor and throw ideas around with her/him.

4. Use a systematic approach. Organize your search and the notes and references you accrue.

5. Look in the right places for ideas. Scan completed dissertations by students in your department or in your field of interest and read the conclusions for suggestions for future research. Do the same with recent articles or confence presentations by noted scholars. Someone has already done a lot of thinking about this, for this very reason - to advance the field and encourage further work on the topic.

6. Look at excellent studies in a different area than yours and see if you can adapt the methodology, use of theory, or other aspects of the study to your area.

7. "Write before you’re ready." This is the mantra of Robert Boice, a researcher who studied successful professors to find out what they did right (Advice for New Faculty Members). A common theme was that they wrote their thoughts down regularly, not matter how poorly formed they were. He found in his studies that a regular writing habit increased the number of daily creative thoughts significantly.

8. Think strategically. The topic of your dissertation will probably determine where or whether you get a job, and how your career will advance. Make sure there is a need in academia for your specific area of specialization.

9. Listen to your gut instinct. If you love a topic, you wil have a much better life if you pursue it. If it’s not a well-positioned topic (see #7), perhaps you can tweak it to make it more strategically desirable.

10. Don’t try for the Nobel Prize. Make the scope of your dissertation possible. You want to be able to finish it and get a job. Elegant, simple research is often the most highly regarded work.

You can do it! Follow these steps and you will find a topic that you love. Or at least like.

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There are eight basic steps to writing a good term paper. Incidentally, term paper and research paper are really one in the same so I may take the liberty of using both of these terms interchangeably. The real start to writing a term paper of an A+ ranking is to believe that you are capable of achieving it. Keep a positive attitude as you develop your research paper and set your sights high.

Choose A Topic: Try to choose a topic which genuinely interests as well as challenges you. If you really like the topic, then you will naturally put a lot of enthusiasm and effort into you term paper. Once you have narrowed your topic down, get your teacher's approval for it before embarking head over heels on full-scale research.

Select a topic that you can easily manage. At all costs, you want to avoid subjects that are too specialized, technical or learned. If your topic has very limited source materials, then you had better go back to the drawing board and choose something else.
Find Information: There are many places where you can find information. The library is still an excellent source for research materials. They have encyclopedias, magazines, periodicals and books.

With the Internet becoming increasingly popular, you can check out different materials that are available online. You must learn how to evaluate websites with a critical eye. By searching the Internet effectively you will be able to eliminate irrelevant sites so that your time will not be wasted.

State Your Thesis: This may involve some critical thinking on your part in order to write your dissertation doctoral statement in one sentence. The vast majority of your term paper will consist of arguments to defend and support your thesis.

Make A Tentative Outline: You should all know how to make an outline for your term paper. In the opening capital Roman Numeral, you must make sure that all of the points you have mentioned will relate to it.

The main purpose of having an outline is to help you think through your subject with care and organize it in a logical manner before you begin writing. Your outline should have an introduction, a body and finally a conclusion.

Organize Your Notes: Organize the information that you have gathered according to the outline you have prepared. You must now check your data for accuracy and verify that all of your information you have gathered is up-to-date, factual and correct. Include no data that is not relevant to your topic. Remember not to plagiarize.

Write Your First Draft: You should write your first draft of your term paper according to the organization of your outline. For each idea that you plan to include in your term paper either write summaries, quotations or paraphrases.

Revise And Outline: Go over your term paper for any content errors. Make sure that your facts and figures are correct. Arrange all of your ideas to follow your outline. You must always keep your readers in mind as well as the purpose of your paper.

Type Final Paper: Since your term paper is a formal report, it should be typewritten. Most of us these days have a printer to go along with our computer. Proofread you final paper for spelling, missing or duplicated words and punctuation. Make sure that your term paper is tidy, clean, neat and attractive.

Try to turn in your term paper early. Pride yourself in your work and know that you did your very best. I am sure you will swell with pride when you see your final grade!

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Writing a science dissertation in word presentation has to be a formal piece of digital dissertation writing. When writing a science dissertation one should have good knowledge about the topic that is going to be researched. It is better to make a complete plan of the entire process in advance. It is important for a science dissertation in a word presentation to carry good and practical experiments and examples as well. In a science dissertation one has to demonstrate critical and analytical thinking and with precise and already proven concepts.

A science dissertation should also include science terminology. All sentences have to be clear and precise. In addition a science dissertation has to be a serious piece of work with no room for jokes and humor or any form of informal language.
A science dissertation in word presentation should be written in a logical and consistent manner. Only verified facts should be used throughout the work. Most importantly, a science dissertation in word presentation has to be very systematic and concise and should not discuss circumstances or issues. However, if certain experiments mentioned in the dissertation were not performed under normal circumstances special notes or footnotes should be added.

Special care should be taken when writing the conclusion of a science dissertation as the entire work should be based on real solid facts. Similarly in a dissertation science sport all experiments should be factual and complete. A dissertation science sport in word presentation should include relevant figures and diagrams as it improves the understanding. The research process involved in writing a dissertation science sport may not be very different from other subjects. However, the methodology and results make a dissertation science sport different! That's because it must have a different approach. For example a baseball dissertation and a football dissertation can both involve a lot of hard work and research, but it's the research question that has to be addressed in conjunction with the most appropriate methodology that proves a lot from it's result and findings!

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All the leading institutes and download dissertation seekers of various kinds need a properly formatted, well documented, and clinically precise essay or research paper. The country’s evolution commands that whether it is an examination, a dissertation or a research debate, properly packed volumes of written material are quintessential.

These days highly qualified writers from the UK, USA, and Canadian universities are investing their energies to write such brilliant papers. They are hired by groups for their clinical efficiency, expertise and overall experience. They can write papers on business, psychology, literature, geography, philosophy and many other subjects just as well. Even the fields of science fall well within their ambit.

These highly skilled professionals can prepare college essays, literary reviews, research papers with high expeditiousness. Sometimes they can do it in as less as a couple of hours. This time includes the duration required for any amount of research that they might need. For any urgent composition nearing the length of a booklet; a proper time-frame might be required.
Institutes eyeing an examination in the coming semester can ask for a proper examination brochure and test papers. Such papers can be customized by the practitioners with effortless ease. Such writers have an experience of at least a couple of years in the field of journalism or associated discipline thus the essay papers that come out of their hands or the research paper they work on come out brilliantly.

The custom written term paper even comes out with a guarantee if one places his trust on the best companies in sight. These companies generally refund money or at any rate, do the necessary revisions so that in the final run, the papers appeal to the prospects completely.

Term papers like research papers and the dissertation module are first prepared by a group of individuals with a thorough know how and then made to pass through a rigorous quality control check. Only after going through these specialized parameters, final work comes out in full bloom. The papers include full references and assume the original order. What must be kept in mind though is that the best is only available through aligning with the top-notch and hence it is mandatory to show discretion and prudence while selecting people or full-fledged groups for term papers and essays?

The formatting is stylish and delicately measured. Pages nearly have 300 words length and use 12 points, Times New Roman font with double spacing. The writings are derived from the most updated sources so that the final work gives an impression of top research.

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Online Dissertation Master degree programs are created for aspiring graduate professionals who want to continue their education. Master degree is special graduate program involving concentrated study and specialized knowledge in one brunch and usually rewarded for finishing of a postgraduate course.

The master degree is rewarded after you gain a specified amount of credits owing to the demands of a university or college degree program. In the USA the amount of credits usually represents full-time university or college study that is fulfilled after students obtain a bachelor degree. Generally, a dissertation master degree demands from 1.5 to 4 years of education and it counts on your part-time or full-time program.
The Master of Science and Master of Arts degrees are the essential kind in most disciplines and may be course-based, research-based or a blend. The Master degree is interim degree between a bachelor and a doctorate. Sometimes, one customarily gets masters before obtaining a doctorate or work on a doctorate starts instantly after a bachelor's.

There are two types of master's: Master of Arts and Master of Science. Master of Arts awarded on finishing of thirty semester hours, typically in social sciences or the humanities. Master of Science awarded on fulfillment of thirty semester hours, usually in the professions or sciences.

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The research is knowing the unknown by following the process of collection of data, analyzing the data and arriving at findings in a well planned systematic manner The dissertation writing classified into Basic research studies and Applied research studies
Normally the Basic research studies are carried out by the academicians and the Applied research studies are carried out by the industry

The report prepared by the Academicians using the findings of the Basic research is the Thesis report and the report prepared by the Industry experts using the Applied research the findings is the Management report

Even though the findings of the research studies are used by both the sectors, benefiting mutually, the characteristics of the research and the approaches they adopt remains different

The author of this article wants to highlight those differences that exist in the research studies conducted by the Academicians and the Industry in the following paragraphs


The following elements of research are considered for differentiating Thesis report ( prepared by Academicians ) and Management report ( prepared by the Industry experts )

1) Objective

The main objective of the research study and the Thesis report thereof is to test the knowledge of the Research scholar by the guide and the committee to consider providing Doctoral degree to the Research scholar

Whereas the purpose of conducting Applied research and the report thereof by the industry expert is to take decision on the findings of the Management report

2) Purpose of the study

Research is carried out in the Universities for the following three purposes

a) To add knowledge to the existing theories which are already available in the books b) Taken as a consultancy assignment from the industry ( or ) from any / few of the players of the industry ) towards Industry Institute interaction c) To provide solution to the problem of a particular company in the industry as a consultancy assignment towards the Industry Institute interaction

In the above mentioned categories of research studies the first one may be classified as Basic research and the last two may be classified under Applied research

Example for Basic research study

Study on the money saving behavior among the present day youth of the Indian Population ( study undertaken not solve any particular problem ) Sometimes the industry sectors may request the universities to conduct research on Basic fundamentals the findings of which may be used combined with other findings by the industry for the purposes like New product development, develop waste utilistion project, etc

Research is carried out in the Industries

On the other hand the Marketing research studies are carried out by the industry / company only for finding a solution to the problem identified ( or ) to find ways to tap the opportunities that exist in the environment. The research studies are carried out either by self or by using the services of outside experts.

Most of the Marketing research studies conducted by the companies could be categorized under Applied research

The data and the findings of the researches carried out is shared between Industry and the Institute making all the research studies mutually beneficial


For the industry

The acceptance of Jute fibre as a clothing material by the Indian population

For the company

Study on Brand Preference for a X brand shirts among users of shirts in India

3) Funding aspects

In the case of research studies taken up by the individual / university proposed

To meet the proposed cost of conducting research study the following are the sources that could be considered Self University University Grant Commission Government Industry associations Public Voluntary orgnisations

If there is no source available for the Researcher meeting the cost of conducting research study may become a constraint which will affect the performance of research study

On the other hand most of the research studies are funded by self ( or ) by the industry associations.

Government considers Tax concessions / Tax exemptions for the expenditure incurred towards Research and Development activities

4)Research study structured / un structured

The universities conducting Basic research cannot adopt research study in a structured manner because most of the time the researcher will be engaged in Exploratory research trying to gain in depth knowledge in a particular area

On the other hand industry conducting Applied research prefer to adopt research study in a structured manner


Time availability factor will not be a major constraint for the Basic research studies conducted at the universities The research is carried out till the researcher and his guide is satisfied on the additional findings to the existing knowledge.

The Applied research which is conducted for the industry for solving a particular problem on hand will be a time bound assignment and it loses its relevance when delayed

6)Scope of the study

The research studies are allowed to be deviated from the defined Scope of the study in the Basic research studies conducted by the universities. The Researcher as and when he finds new interesting findings in the area chosen he keeps modifying the Scope of the study. Thus flexibility exists in conducting Basic research The defined Scope of the research in the Applied research study remains rigid through out the end of the research which are conducted by the industry. Hence the scope of the study is defined in a focused manner and not modified any where in the research process ensuring the result of the study relevant to the problem

7) Beneficiaries

The findings of the Basic research study of the universities will benefit all the sectors need of present day and the future. The findings are available for usage to anybody for a cost. Thus different sectors of the subject field like educational institutions, industry, social welfare organizations and others will be benefited from the research studies

On the other hand the findings of Applied research study conducted by the industry will be useful to them only because the study is done on ‘Customised manner, tailor made’. Also the industry may not be interested in revealing the findings to others in order to maintain secrecy

8) Literature Survey

Universities engaged in Basic research spend more time, effort and money in conducting Literature survey compared to Industries engaged in Applied research which is field oriented

Since the Basic research is theoretical oriented lot of information may be available in the books and magazines

9) Exploratory research

Universities engaged in Basic research emphasizes more on Exploratory research like conducting in depth analysis, projective techniques, etc. whereas industries engaged in Applied research will give less importance for Exploratory research


Te main Hypothesis formulated ( based on the Primary objective ) will not be changed in the Applied research conducted by the industry because of the rigidity of the structure of the research study . But the sub Hypothesis developed ( based on the secondary objectives ) may undergo minor changes while conducting the research

Since the structure of the Basic research studies are not rigid the Hypothesis formulated ( main and sub Hypothesis ) may keep changing as the research proceeds

11) Data collection

The Basic research conducted by the universities use more of secondary source for necessary data collection through Desk research. By exploring all the available information in the libraries, associations, etc

On the other hand the Applied research conducted by the industries use more of Primary sources for collecting the required data because not much of secondary data may be available for the specific problem take up for study. The industry can afford to spend more money on descriptive research, experimental research than universities could do

12) Statistical Analysis

Due to the fast changing environment in terms of technology, consumer preference, socio cultural attitudes of people, etc the relevance of using Parametric tests ( using population parameter of the past ) in the Applied research leads to less accuracy

But in research studies of the Basic research, usage of Parametric test will be meaningful because the findings achieved in the past by some other Researcher will remain unchanged which could be used for the Marketing research proposed by the Researcher

EXAMPLE When the Researcher wants to develop Maslow’s theory of motivation and conducts Basic research he can do so by developing from the findings of Maslow’s. This provides scope for using Parametric test in Basic research

13) Research proposal

The research proposal prepared in Basic research studies conducted by universities may not contain details on the beneficiary of the research findings, scope of the study, aim of the study, time required, funds required, etc more clearly at the time of obtaining the approval from the doctoral committee of the university. Hence preparing the research is not needed in the Basic dissertation studies

On the other hand it becomes inevitable for the Applied research studies carried out by industries to proceed with clearly chartered out proposal for obtaining approval from the concerned authorities

14) Report Preparation

The thesis report prepared based on the finings of the Basic research by academicians will contain the chapter on Bibliography, Appendix, etc which are very much required for the completion of the Thesis report

On he other hand the Management report prepared on the innings of the Applied research by the Researcher of the industry may or may not contain on the chapters as mentioned in the Thesis report. The industry will be interested only in looking at the Executive summary revealing the findings and suggestions provided by the Researcher than the books referred, theoretical definitions given ,etc


The academicians should be clear on the type of report that they should prepare when research studies are administered. The academicians have to take extra care when choosing the research problem ( generic nature ) and when preparing the Thesis report. They should ensure that the Thesis report is not prepared like Management report or vice avers.

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